On the Kobane's way
The Kurds, after the end of I World War were divided by the creation of new borders and nation states. Some of them, broken by a line of border between two countries, are always living the suffer of the division. The territory of Kurdistan, today splits some parts of Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Syria. Sometimes the new division has caused the break-up of many families that once lived in the same context. This is particularly visible on a great part of the border between Turkey, Syria and Iraq. After the widespread of the Syrian civil war in the northern sirian Kurdish inhabit area on 2012, the kurds have managed to gain the self determination of the entire territory. The self-proclaimed management has been declared by a part of the Kurdish resistance movement, which lead an idea of organizing the society, based on some direct democracy roots, the free coexistence of the different religious and ethnical groups which are inhabiting the area and a basic importance to the women rights. These roots have attracted a lot of kurds from the historical diaspora and also some other people from different parts of Syria collapsed by the civil war. Despite the territory has been gained by Kurdish forces, the conflict with the ones who wanted to stop the experience of this experiment, has increased in 2013 and nowadays is still keeping on. After the widespread of power of Islamic State inside the sirian civil war around 2014, the group has also started a big campaign of attacks inside Iraq, where it has born on 2006 with the former name of “Islamic State of Iraq and Syria”. The group has de facto entered inside the territory of the Kurdish Autonomous Region, opening a new front against kurds also in Iraq. The Kurdish people in the syrian area, called in Kurdish, "Rojava", and also the Kurdish people of Iraq, called Başûr have therefore passed on the international news headlines for the constant siege of the militias of the Islamic State. The longest siege that Kurds have been faced was the one on Kobane city, in Arabic, Ayn Al Arab. Many Kurds, despite the historical repression exercised by the turkish state, managed to escape from the besieged city, taking refuge in different parts of Kurdistan under the control of Turkey, where they found the solidarity of their own old and historical relatives.
Some of these refugees start their own difficult travel to Europe from here. On the other hand some people have continued to live in Kobane city despite the destruction. Some others, nowadays, are therefore still living in Turkey try to get back in Kobane with all the dangers concerning the close of the border by the Turkish authorities. The city of Kobane was heavily damaged by the constant attacks of IS (Islamic State) and by the bombing of the international coalition anti IS. The People's protection Units and the Women's Protection Units(YPG-YPJ), after an exhausting resistance, have managed to liberate the city, thus allowing a large number of displaced Kurds and other minorities that inhabit the area, have a possibility returning slowly in the city, opening the way to a gradual and difficult reconstruction of life, despite the difficult situation at the border.
The Turkish government have infact increased its own repression against the Kurdish movement in the last few years, particularly rising the presence of soldiers and police on the border between Syria and Turkey, trying to stopping the connection between “Rojava” and “Bakur”, Kurdistan in Turkish territory. Violence against kurds, and against the Turkish movement which give solidarity to the Kurdish people, have been heighten in last year. For this reason some Kurds from Syria, have also tried several times to take refugee inside the Kurdish Autonomous Region, mostly during the great assault of some islamists group between 2013 and 2014 on the eastern Rojava regions, as like some Iraqi kurds, have found a refugee inside the territory of Rojava where the IS militias has been defeated. As for now, IS militiamen has been kicked out from almost every territory of Rojava and from Iraqi Kurdistan, but the violent situation in Turkey make the situation really difficult to ensure a peaceful life for the kurds and their neighbors in Middle East.
The self-managed project inside the Northern Syrian territory led by the kurds in the last years, has increased the solidarity between them inside all the territories where they live, widening their own idea of society to different people inside Middle East. This has happen mostly after the successful resistance against IS militias inside Syria. The international media has covered the situation inside this part of Middle East, only referring to militaries activities and war, forgetting sometimes to document the current difficult daily life of kurdish population, due to its specific activity of solidarity driven by the population itself, which has been attacked by IS and its allies. Inside Middle East, where we often heard about sectarians conflicts, dictatorships and intolerance, the project which has started from the Kurdish population, is the only one in the area which thinks materially to a peaceful solution for whole the different populations in its own main ideas. The idea of the “Democratic confederalism” which is leading a great part of the Kurdish population, sustains the idea of a society where every various local community and religion should be respected in a project of a peaceful confederation of different autonomous communities which they have to manage them self independently. This idea is being fought by governments where the kurds are trying to organize them self in peace. Particularly, the bigger repressive situation, even for an historical reason, is taking part inside Turkey, where the kurds have been always repressed for their freedom struggle. In the last months some cities inside the Kurdish inhabit area has declare their own autonomy, following the example of the “Rojava”. The answer of the Turkish government has been a massive campaign of attack on the areas and a massive repression, which have increased the situation of conflict inside the country.
With these photos, taken from October 2014 until November 2015,I wanted to tell a "visual travel" about all these people, starting its own point from who has freed the city and is still on the front line in order to defend the people from the Kurdish part of Syria, the Rojava.
In these photos I follow a one year war situation, covering the sufferings and the solidarity amongst these people, mostly between refugees, which has been stopped the violence of ISIS in almost every territories where it has been grown.
I mostly focus myself on describing the life of the kurds following the growth process of solidarity for peace; I’ve concentrated the work on the Turkish and sirian situation, because these two area are the ones where you can meet the biggest example of a try to achieve the right to live in a peaceful society, with their self- managed project of life.