"Days of Night/Nights of Day" is about the daily life of the inhabitants of Norilsk. Norilsk is a mining city, with a population of more than 170,000. It is the northernmost city (100,000+ people) in the world. The average temperature is -10° C and reaches lows of -55° C in the winter. For two months of the year, the city is plunged into polar night when there are zero hours of sunlight.
The entire city, its mines and its metallurgical factories were constructed by prisoners of the nearby gulag, Norillag, in the 1920s and 30s. 60% of the present population is involved with the city's industrial processes: mining, smelting, metallurgy and so on. The city sits on the world's largest deposit of nickel-copper-palladium. Nearly half of the world's palladium is mined in Norilsk. Accordingly, Norilsk is the 7th most polluted city in the world.
This documentary project aims to investigate human adaptation to extreme climate, environmental disaster and isolation. The living conditions of the people of Norilsk are unique, making them an incomparable subject for such a study.
Editor's Note: We first discovered Elena Chernyshova's work at the Circulation(s) festival in Paris. She won a World Press Photo Award in 2014 for Daily Life stories.
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