Krauss started his photography in the mid-1990s, focusing first on neglected buildings (never published), and then on his daughter and her friends as they grew up in Berlin and in the countryside near the border of Poland. Encouraged by the successful responses to this first work, he traveled to places in the former Soviet Union, and made portraits of children the same ages, but living in state-run orphanages, juvenile prisons and camps. Many of these kids are not criminals but these “childhood institutions” are the only places society can find for them. The intensity of these images is haunting and complex.
Krauss prints his black-and-white portraits on old photographic paper produced in Eastern Europe, which gives his pictures even more of a melancholy tone. In 2004 the artist received the Leica Prize of the Grand Prix International de Photographie in Vevey.
In an email interview with Jim Casper, Ingar Krauss talked about this work.
Perhaps you can tell me how and why you began this series. I believe some of these were your very first photographs (after those of buildings)?
I think there were two reasons why I started to get interested in portrait photography. Our daughter grew up and also did her friends, and it was (still is) very interesting to observe how body and mind and biographies are defining. This was an essential point also in my former “portraits” of buildings and places. Berlin was transforming a lot; it was a time in between two ages, exciting but even more melancholic. The second reason might be that in 1998 we bought an old cottage ruin in the country near the border to Poland, and there, where a lot of empty space is and only very few people are living, I could recognize people and especially the children in a different way. Maybe Berlin was too crowded with people, it is hard to concentrate on a single face when there are thousands. The children I have photographed in our garden and in the landscape are friends of our daughter and sometimes children from the villages nearby.
You are capturing an intensity that is rare in portrait photography. These young people are at a threshold period in their lives, yet already they appear older and wiser and not-at-all as care-free as other young people might feel at the same age. Can you talk about this a bit?
I recognized that I am especially interested in those children who already have a biography — orphans or criminal children. They have already a story to tell. They seem to be responsible in a way which is not childlike. They stand all alone and in their expression there is often a deep psychological intensity, a deep longing or a deep reserve.
That is why I took portraits in several Russian “childhood institutions” like orphanages and juvenile prisons and I recognized there in some faces and gestures a universal truth within these children’s very intimate personal truths.
Since many of these subjects are not "friends", can you describe how you get them to pose with such presence?
My portraits are about the biographical shape of these people and the circumstances and the mystery of their existence. The photograph is both a document and a vision. In the very moment of taking a portrait I try to find a secret agreement with that person, in the absence of every language, and I want to figure out an authentic moment of intensity and concentration.
It seems you have stopped identifying the subjects by personal name, and title the photographs with the location and date only. Why?
I didn't stop identifying. Those children who are belonging to my family and circle of friends do still have their names in the pictures. But when I started to work in Russia in 2002, I found something more fundamental. The children and young people I met there were strangers but somehow they were the embodiment of the childhood I used to know, and I think that is in general what I was looking for in Russia. It was like a time travel into my own childhood in the GDR.
It is not that I want to ignore their biographies and names, on the contrary, my Russian work is a lot about biography and about human conditions. Looking at those pictures they seem always to ask: Why me? And in fact this is usually the first question they are asking when I am choosing from 200 orphans in an orphanage, this one or these two. And all I can answer them is that I recognized them, that I feel I know them. Not personally, of course, because I don't know their stories the moment I decide who I would like to photograph, but in a fundamental way I think I know them.
Ingar Krauss: Portraits
Edited by Galleria Suzy Shammah, (Milano) Marvelli Gallery (New York), Vince Aletti
Epilogue by Ulf Erdmann Ziegler
Hardcover, 102 pages
38 photos in duotone, 1 fold-out
22.20 x 28.40 cm
Published by Hatje Cantz, 2005
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