Mérida90 is a long-term investigative, photographic and historic memoir documentary project of the residents of the Edificio America ( America building) which reflects on the politics of public housing in Mexico City, the displacement of people inside a metropolis and the difficulty of housing an ever growing population. Edificio América, is located in region of México City, in the neighborhood known as Roma. The 22 families living there have witnessed the transformation of their surroundings, from change of demographics to physical calamities that affected the entire community. Devastated by the 1985 earthquake and then, starting in the 90s, deeply affected by a new wave of gentrification. Starting in 2008 and for a period of one year and a half I documented the struggle of the inhabitants of Edificio America as they waited for the government to start construction on a building they sought expropriation back in 2005. According to expropriation laws in Mexico City, once the building becomes property of the government, the Public Housing Institute (INVI) -the administrative organ responsible for the construction or remodeling of these properties- has up to 5 years to complete the project and if it does not, the supposed “owner” has the right to fight back to recover the property. With many structural problems and with no administration office to recur to, the 22 families decided to organized themselves and expropriate the property. At the moment of the expropriation in 2005 they realized that there was no direct owner, but an up-and-coming housing developer firm known as LRDF- Los Reyes de la Finca, somehow purchased the property in a scam which was unravelled through the months of 2009 when a lawyer expert on expropriations was able to defend the tenants from being evacuated without an agreement to return to the reconstructed housing property. From 2005 - 2010 a cloud of uncertainty permeated the community, as they faced forced evacuation at any moment and the uncertainty that the agreement would be re-signed before the 5-year period, maintaining the agreement that the property was designated for social housing. One month before the expropriation expired an agreement was signed between the 22 families and INVI in which the building was to be demolished and two towers were to be erected, maintaining the original facade which included 6 apartments that were to be remodeled. This process took five years, including one that was devoted only for demolition, which was performed by hand and by only two workers most of the time. Mérida90, is a project that presents itself as a testimony of a case of success against displacement, amongst the thousands of attempts of expropriations in the central region of Mexico City, for the creation of social housing.
Publisher: Tumbona Ediciones