As one of the major victims of the anthropogenic climate change, Bangladesh is experiencing variable climatic conditions. Bangladesh is a small, yet overpopulated country in Southeast Asia with largely an agro-based economy. Besides, climatic hazards like cyclone, flood, drought, soil salinity and river erosions are more frequent now a day. These two facts contribute to the increasing number of climate refugees who are forced to migrate to the cities, worsening the socio-economic problems. The barrages built across the rivers inside the border of India have resulted in both flooding and drying of the river beds in Bangladesh . Major rivers like Padma, Jamuna, Meghna, Brahmaputra and smaller rivers in the coastal region erode massively when the water level rise. Due to prolonged draughts the temperature is increasing every year at an alarming rate. Sadly, people can’t adapt to this rapidly changing climate and are on the brink of socio-economic insecurity. The waves whether present or absent, don’t bring any hope for these people. When they hit, they take away the valuable land and livings. When the waves are gone, nothing is left but parched, cracked river-beds.
1. A report on the impact of Farakka barrage on the human fabric.Manisha Banerjee, on behalf of South Asian Network on Dams, Rivers and People (SANDRP).