Mr. President Behind the Mask
Iranian presidential election, 2017
After the Islamic Revolution in Iran, The President as the second person of the country is elected by direct, popular vote. Unlike the executive in other countries, the President of Iran does not have full control over anything, as these are ultimately under the control of the Supreme Leader. So far, eleven rounds of this election have been held and Presidential elections are scheduled to be held in Iran on 19 May 2017. It will be the twelfth presidential election in Iran.
Candidates have to be vetted by the Guardian Council, a twelve-member body consisting of six clerics (selected by Iran's Supreme Leader), and six lawyers (proposed by the head of Iran's judicial system and voted in by the Parliament). The Guardian Council interprets the term supervision in Article 99 as "approbation supervision" (Persian: نظارت استصوابی) which implies the right for acceptance or rejection of elections legality and candidates competency.
In 2017 election, in total 1636 persons were registered for election which 137 were females and 1499 were males.
On 20 April 2017, Guardian Council announced a list of 6 approved candidates. The list is contains incumbent Hassan Rouhani (Moderation and Development Party ; President (since 2013)), Eshaq Jahangiri (Executives of Construction Party ; Vice President ), Ebrahim Raisi (Combatant Clergy Association ; Astan Quds Razavi chairman), Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf (Mayor of Tehran (since 2005) ; Population For Progress and Justice), Mostafa Mir-Salim (Islamic Coalition Party) and Mostafa Hashemitaba (Executives of Construction Party). The nomination of former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was rejected by the council.
In investigation has been conducted from people around the world, One of the margins of elections that people have been interest to is Election Campaign, and how much money candidates are spending for collecting votes. In Iran, there are no rules about the amount of candidates advertising costs and the amount of donations to the campaigns of candidates. Common forms of advertising In Iran are banners, posters, lectures and debates that there are many doubts about the effectiveness of them.
In Iran's election 2017, According to the freedom of cyberspace and social networks in recent years, campaign of candidates have special attention to online advertising and social networks.
In this election, Hassan Rouhani and Ebrahim Raisi are mentioned as the two major presidential candidates.
After 2009 election and Mass protests against what they called election fraud, two reformist candidates had been under house arrest and reformer faded of internal Iranian politics. On 2013, Hassan Rouhani was considered a leading candidate in the June election because of his centrist views yet close ties to Iran's ruling clerics and the Green Movement. Amid the run-up to the election, former presidents Mohammad Khatami and Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, together with reformists supported Rouhani on the presidential race. Rouhani is frequently described as a moderate. He was elected as President of Iran on 15 June 2013. Rouhani's electoral landslide victory was widely seen as the result of the Green Movement from the 2009 elections. In this election also Hassan Rouhani is supported by the Green Movement and reformist. Although the reformist movement has repeatedly said that Hassan Rouhani is not their desirable option but tries to contribute to Iran's policy by show their support and efforts to victory of Hassan Rouhani.
Hassan Rouhani's main rival is Ebrahim Raisi. He is Combatant Clergy Association -Astan Quds Razavi chairman (One of the most powerful political and economic organizations in Iran), and he is the main representative of conservative and the ruling power. Raisi was named as one of the Popular Front of Islamic Revolution Forces (JAMNA)'s presidential candidates in February 2017. His candidacy was also supported by the Front of Islamic Revolution Stability. Raisi as one of the four persons involved in the 1988 executions .Ebrahim Raisi is named as a possible successor of Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, that in recent years because of cancer he is not physically in good condition. Raisi's face is very much similar to the face of Ayatollah Khamenei and he is also "seyyed" that has made him so popular among certain categories of country. Many believe in future Supreme Leader of Iran will be different from today and will be ordered and the main political power will be in the hands of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards which has supported Ebrahim Raisi.
Hassan Rohani are referred as middle-class candidates that looking for more freedom and Ebrahim Raisi as candidate society's deprived, people who want more justice. In fact, the main political battles between two main candidates of this election are for successor of Iran's supreme leader. The candidates are trying to show people populist face. They try to convince society that they have simple life and come for justice and want to improve the economic situation and trying to accuse their rival to the abuse of position, rents, corruption and violation of the people's right. This is only a mask for candidates that they are using it to collect vote and they hide behind it.
Presidential elections were held in Iran on 19 May 2017, the twelfth such election in Iran. Local elections were held simultaneously.
Candidates' registration took place from 11 to 15 April 2017. Incumbent president Hassan Rouhani was eligible to run for re-election. His rivals were the conservatives' top candidate Ebrahim Raisi, the Islamic Coalition Party's Mostafa Mir-Salim and Mostafa Hashemitaba who ran with no partisan support.
Rouhani was re-elected for a second term. According to results announced by the Interior Ministry, Rouhani received 23.5 of 41 million votes counted. His closest rival, Ebrahim Raisi, received 15.7 million votes