Rohingyas people are a Muslim ethnic minority. They live in the Burmese state of Arakan (Rakhine), located in the west of the country and bordering Bangladesh. They give way to the Buddhist Arakans, with whom they have been in hostile relations for several decades.
Since 1982, under the Law on Nationalities, the Government of Burma officially does not recognize the Rohingy as a separate group. This stance was supported by the controversial and questionable methodologically official list of 135 "nations" of Burma, which eventually ruled out Rohingyas from society. As an unrecognized ethnic group, they are treated by the Burmese government as illegal immigrants, and consequently on the land they have been living for generations, they remain stateless.
The Rohingyas persecution is systemic, and the last exodus, in which 630,000 Rohingyas fled from Burma to Bangladesh, is a recurring chord in the drama that has been going onfor four decades.
On Friday, August 25, 2017, a group of partisans attacked police and army posts in Burma. 59 guerrillas and 12 members of Birma's security forces were killed in the operation. The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), a newly formed organization, led the attack, headed by a descendant of Aqman, Atta Ullah, born in Pakistan. At one moment, the specter of the pogrom spread over Rohingyas.
The retaliation of the Burmese forces led along with the support of the Buddhist villagers was immediate and on a scale unprecedented for years. The Rohingyas villages were surrounded and shelled with mortars. Women were raped, adults and children were killed, people were beaten, their arms and legs were broken. All the settlements were in the fire, which were later equated with the ground. The assets, from rice to gold, have been looted. The Rohingyas, escaping to nearby Bangladesh, saved their lives. The attack
was mainly directed at civilians and was referred to by the United Nations as a "textbook example of ethnic cleansing".
Here the next drama started for many families. Crowded with people, boats were drowned and the land road was mined by Burmese forces. Those who managed to find shelter in the newly created camps. According to ISCG estimates, there are currently around 834,000 refugees living in them. In two months, the hills turned into abstract "cities"reaching to the horizon. Exodus Rohingya has become one of the largest humanitarian disasters of the last 20 years in the world.
"Newcomers"is another edition of the documentary project "Rohingyas", which the author began in 2013. The project is a record of the history of the heroes and fates of the persecuted Rohingya community, cruelly from society.